Settle to Carlisle Railway
The Settle–Carlisle Line is a 73-mile long main railway line in northern England. The line runs through remote, scenic regions of the Yorkshire Dales and the North Pennines.
The railway line between Settle in Yorkshire and Carlisle in Cumbria is one of the most well known in Britain, and indeed is admired around the world. It epitomises the enterprise and determination of the Victorian railway directors, engineers and navvies in their struggle to conquer the forces of nature across ‘the roof of England’.
Such was the lure of the lucrative traffic between England and Scotland that drove the directors, engineers and 'navvies' in their struggle to conquer the forces of nature in their pursuit to capture a share in the revolution that was the railway age of 19th century Britain.
The route uses the natural contours and north-south lie of the Ribble and Eden valleys. To link these river valleys, and to maintain a fast line speed with a gradient no steeper than 1 in 100, the line cuts through the Pennine landscape in a series of dramatic tunnels, cuttings and bridges. Its magnificent structures include the awe-inspiring Ribblehead viaduct and infamous Blea Moor tunnel.